Saturday, September 2, 2023

25 Investigates: Audit finds MA Elder Affairs office failed to ensure abuse reported to DAs

By Kerry Kavanaugh and Marina Villeneuve

On its website, the Massachusetts Executive Office of Elder Affairs says it supports older adults and individuals with disabilities to ‘age in community’ so they can live well and be safe.

But a recent report from the Office of the State Auditor flagged some areas where Elder Affairs has come up short for years – despite promising to make fixes.

“There were gaps in the system and that elders were being put at risk due to a lack of oversight and a lack of controls,” State Auditor Diana DiZoglio said.

DiZoglio said those issues were first brought to the attention of the Executive Office of Elder Affairs years earlier in a previous audit report issued in October of 2018.

“Even though the Executive Office of Elder Affairs said that they had implemented the recommendations made from the previous audit, they hadn’t actually done so,” DiZoglio said.

Regional Protective Service Agencies are required to investigate information from reports of alleged abuse of elders.

Agencies must refer all substantiated reports of serious abuse to the local district attorney.

Agencies are required to make immediate referrals to district attorneys if an elderly person dies because of abuse. And agencies have 48 hours in other instances – including in case of brain damage or sexual assault.

The office had told the state auditor that it began monitoring the district attorney referral process as of February 2019.

But during the course of the current audit, the office told the auditor it wasn’t running monthly queries of its system to figure out whether all required incidents of elder abuse were referred to a district attorney.

“Unfortunately, it took us conducting an entirely new audit of the same things we had audited previously to uncover the fact that Elder Affairs had not done what they said they had done,” she added.

Among the concerns listed in the audit:

  • The office did not establish controls to ensure all applicable incidents of elder abuse are reported to district attorneys’ offices for investigations.
  • And the office wasn’t monitoring the use of certain tools to ensure they’re properly assessing the decisional capacity of elders.

“That’s unacceptable,” she said. “It puts elders at risk and it wastes taxpayer dollars.”

Her audit found that the office’s failure to monitor district attorney referrals “put elders at risk of continued abuse.”

In the initial audit, the report found seven instances in which the office did not properly report allegations of abuse to DAs.

25 Investigates reached out to the Executive Office of Elder Affairs and asked to speak with Secretary Elizabeth Chen.

They declined an interview but a spokesperson said in a statement: “We are actively taking steps to address the recommendations in the auditor’s report and to strengthen this process on behalf of the people we serve.”

The office launched a program to improve training and monitoring of regional agency staff.

The spokesperson also said the office has now implemented a monthly reporting system to monitor how regional Protective Services Agencies are reporting allegations of abuse to district attorney’s offices.

The office told the auditor that it’s working on an automated system to monitor DA referrals over the next year.

The issues raised in the audit are in line with a trend we’ve heard from Boston 25 News viewers.

“I’m just so glad someone is listening to my story,” Kathy Mcleod, who’s fighting for answers about the death of her brother following a fall at a nursing home, told Anchor and Investigative Reporter Kerry Kavanaugh. “Finally, for him. I just want justice for him.”

Family members have told us they reached out to various state and local agencies asking for help for loved ones in nursing homes – and got nowhere.

“We want our elderly population to be able to trust that they’re in good hands and that if there is potential abuse, that it’s going to be reported in an effective and efficient manner,” DiZoglio said.

Elder abuse includes physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, caretaker neglect, financial exploitation, and self-neglect.

Elder Abuse reports can be filed 24 hours a day either online or by phone at (800) 922-2275.

McLeod said she called that very number in February of 2023 to report what happened to her brother.

He had dementia, wandered into another patient’s room, fell, suffered a fracture and died as a result of his injury earlier that month.

She says she never even got a call back.

Full Article & Source:
25 Investigates: Audit finds MA Elder Affairs office failed to ensure abuse reported to DAs

Senator René García Leads the Charge as Chair of the Elder & Vulnerable Abuse (EVA) Work Group

By Senator Rene Garcia 

Elder abuse is a deeply concerning issue that plagues our South Florida community. The mistreatment of our senior citizens and most vulnerable populations is not only contained in physical abuse but can be emotional and, especially, financial in nature. Financial abuse is becoming a widespread issue, where some family members and caretakers exploit the trust placed in them by their elderly relatives. Oftentimes, this form of abuse goes entirely unnoticed. Many seniors suffer in silence and are ashamed or afraid to report the abuse, specifically when the abuser is a family member or a close friend.

I am a life-long champion for senior issues and continue to encourage our elders to seek assistance and protect themselves against exploitation. I partnered with State Attorney Katherine Fernandez Rundle and Miami-Dade County Mayor Daniella Levine Cava to create an Elder and Vulnerable Abuse (EVA) Work Group. The formation of this group is aimed at preventing incidents of abuse against the elderly and disabled in Miami-Dade County and providing resources to the most vulnerable population. As Chair of the Work Group, I hope to address the exploitation of these individuals by giving a voice to the voiceless.

This summer, charges were filed against two local women involved in the exploitation of a vulnerable, elder Miami-Dade resident with dementia. The two women, one of whom was working as a receptionist at a doctor’s office, stole money from the resident’s bank account and attempted to steal his home. Criminal charges were also filed against a home health services aide and an associate in the exploitation of a 97-year-old Miami-Dade resident. These forms of fraud and abuse are just a few examples of the many cases we are tackling through this Work Group.

Sadly, Florida ranks second in the nation for the number of victims of crime against those age 60 and older, while Miami-Dade County ranks number one in the state. The EVA Work Group creates a mechanism for people to report crimes or mistreatment by fostering an environment of trust and compassion. Our seniors are the pillars of our society, and they deserve our respect, care, and support.

If you have witnessed or have reason to believe someone is facing abuse, neglect, or exploitation, please contact the Elder and Vulnerable Adult Exploitation Unit at 786-804-6723. Unit staff and investigators will work closely with law enforcement agencies to ensure elderly victims receive the justice they deserve. 

My passion is to serve our community by providing them with access to resources. Please contact my office at (305) 820-8424 if I can ever be of service. We are always ready to serve. Most importantly, it’s all of our duty to protect our seniors because they are a glimpse into the future and a perfect example of who we will be one day. 

Please email me at

Full Article & Source:
Senator René García Leads the Charge as Chair of the Elder & Vulnerable Abuse (EVA) Work Group

Greene County business owner charged with exploiting the elderly

by: Ben Gilbert

GREENE COUNTY, Mo. – A Greene County business owner has been charged by the Missouri Attorney General’s Office for exploiting the elderly and deceptive business practices.

Richard Gillette is charged with one count of financial exploitation of the elderly, three counts of deceptive business practices, and two counts of stealing.

According to a probable cause statement, Gillette owned and operated Premiere Exterior Solutions (PES). 

In three different incidents, consumers reported a total loss of $46,544.10.

August 2021

According to court documents, a consumer entered an agreement to remove old siding, replace rotting wood and replace the soffit at the residence. PES required a 50% deposit and said the project would be completed in six to eight weeks. A check was provided of $3,572.50 to be used for materials for the job. The state says the job was never started and the consumer contacted Gillette in September 2022 for a refund but it was never provided.

September 2021

Court documents say a consumer entered an agreement with PES to replace siding, a wood deck and pergola at the residence. An employee told the consumer the project would be completed within two weeks. PES required a 50% deposit up front before beginning the project, which resulted in a check for $24,410. The state says the consumer was given a variety of excuses for delays and the company failed to provide any work, materials or provide a refund.

May 2022

According to court documents, a consumer entered an agreement to replace the deck on the property. PES requested a 50% up-front deposit, which led to the consumer providing two checks. The total equaled $18,561.60. Over the following months, the state says the consumer was given excuses as to why the work never began. Gillette eventually stopped responding to the consumer’s phone calls and no refund was provided.

Online records indicate a warrant has been issued for Gillette’s arrest. He does not have a lawyer listed as representing him in this case.

Consumers who believe they may have been scammed by a contractor should file a complaint with the Missouri Attorney General’s Office by calling the Consumer Protection hotline at (800) 392-8222 or by submitting a complaint online at 

Full Article & Source:
Greene County business owner charged with exploiting the elderly

Friday, September 1, 2023

Court approves class action status for assisted living staffing lawsuit

by Kimberly Bonvissuto

An appellate court has granted class certification to residents alleging that a senior living operator used deceptive practices by falsely promising to adequately staff its communities to meet resident care needs, putting residents at risk.

In an Aug. 2 opinion, the US 9th Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed a ruling by the US District Court for the Central District of California in Heredia vs. Sunrise Senior Living, finding against Sunrise’s motion to strike expert testimony and certify a class of Sunrise residents. 

The lawsuit is thought to be the first such case to be granted class certification and could affect similar pending litigation against other senior living operators.

The complaint, originally filed in 2018 by plaintfiff’s attorney Kathryn Stebner, accused Sunrise of engaging in a “scheme to defraud” residents and their families in a California assisted living community by falsely representing in its admission contracts that each resident would be provided care services as determined by a resident assessment.

The claim alleges that as a result of Sunrise’s corporate staffing policies and procedures, residents do not receive the services they need or pay for, and that residents are placed at “substantial risk.” 

Current and former residents are pursuing claims under California’s Consumers Legal Remedies Act, Unfair Competition Law and elder financial abuse statute. The class action represents those who are or were residents of a Sunrise California assisted living community from June 27, 2013, to the present.

Sunrise had challenged the inclusion of expert testimony supporting class certification in the case. The appellate court supported the district court’s finding that a staffing expert, a damage expert and a systems engineering expert provided “reliable and relevant” testimony regarding estimates for time required to provide services to residents.

The court also sided with the lower court in finding that all class members were exposed to substantially similar representations about Sunrise staffing levels through their residency agreements. The class certified by the district court consists of Sunrise residents who “contracted with and paid money to [Sunrise] pursuant to a residency agreement.” 

“Plaintiffs demonstrated a ‘nexus’ between their legal theory and facility-wide staffing shortfall percentages because they have shown that the service level fees that residents agreed to pay correlate with the level of staffing they expected to receive,” the opinion read.

Staffing lawsuits target senior living

The recent accidental deaths of three Atria Senior Living residents has sparked renewed interest in California’s staffing requirements for assisted living communities, with two lawsuits alleging insufficient staffing and training as contributing factors. California’s staffing-related regulations for assisted living communities have been called “vague” because they specify that stuffing be “sufficient” without defining “sufficient.”

Brookdale Senior Living has faced several lawsuits in recent years based on allegations related to the quality of its services and company representations of those services to the public. A class action lawsuit filed in 2020 accusing the company of “chronically insufficient staffing at its communities to meet financial benchmarks. The company also faces a shareholder lawsuit, which a court allowed to go forward earlier this year, alleging misconduct by company officials in trying to meet financial targets, causing the company to intentionally underestimate data used for staffing algorithms.

Additionally, a class action lawsuit filed last fall alleging chronic understaffing at six illinois skilled nursing facilities put other long-term care providers on notice. 

Last fall, Argentum, the American Seniors Housing Association and the California Assisted Living Association filed an amicus brief in the Sunrise case, arguing that class actions are “unnecessary and counterproductive” because assisted living communities are highly motivated to provide quality care to residents. The brief also argued that the expense and disruption of defending class action suits diverts resources from that care.

Argentum noted that because the decision is unpublished, it does not establish any binding precedent for other cases, but plaintiffs will be able to cite it in other cases, including in similar pending litigation against other senior living operators.

AARP and the California long-term care ombudsman also filed an amicus brief in the Sunrise case in February, citing a lack of oversight in US assisted living communities, leaving class actions as the only way for older adults to assert their rights. 

Full Article & Source:
Court approves class action status for assisted living staffing lawsuit

DHS report details elder abuse, response from Heritage Springs Memory Care in Lewisburg

By Justin Strawser

LEWISBURG — A Licensing Inspection Summary made public by the state Department of Health shows how Heritage Springs Memory Care in Lewisburg reacted to accusations of extensive elder abuse by members of its staff.

In a document on Aug. 4 detailing six violations, DHS reported that residents were sexually assaulted or harassed, verbally abused or teased and recorded on a cellphone in private moments at the facility located at 327 Farley Circle, Lewisburg. The actions were reported to “Staff Person D” — an unnamed fourth staff member — who failed to make mandatory abuse reports to the Area Agency on Aging or DHS, as required under state regulations.

In the state report in response to the violations, Heritage Springs wrote that all staff members received job counseling and additional training, policies were updated or changed and the three staff members accused were immediately suspended.

After an internal investigation and interviews with all staff, Heritage Springs wrote that no other staff members admitted to having any knowledge of the alleged actions described in the report.

Download PDF Heritage Springs

Two employees of Heritage Springs Memory Care were criminally accused last month of abusing elderly residents at the Union County facility between December and April. Madison Laine Cox, 18, of Pinchtown Road, Montgomery, and a 17-year-old male juvenile allegedly posed with patients in the shower or on the toilet, took pictures of patients who had defecated themselves or had fallen to the ground and took videos of themselves demeaning or harassing individuals, according to court documents filed by the Buffalo Valley Regional Police Department.

They allegedly sent those records to each other, shared them on the phone app SnapChat, and showed them to classmates at a school, police said.

The victims range in age from 72 to 100 years old. The majority of people residing at Heritage Springs are in various stages of Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, which limits or severely impedes their cognitive abilities, police said.

The state recently revoked the facility’s certificate of compliance and issued a provisional license, which is valid until Feb. 4, 2024. If the violations are not corrected within five calendar days of the receipt of the letter, the state intends to assess fines.

The Aug. 4 letter and report details a total of 30 violations stemming from licensing inspections on April 12, April 13, May 3, May 9, May 18, June 6, June 15 and June 27. Two additional inspection summary reports in February and December also showed a combined seven additional violations.

Heritage is licensed for a capacity of 64. At the time of its inspection, it was serving 30 residents ages 60 years and older and had a total daily staff of 60, according to the report.

Details in the report

The DHS report did not name any of the staff members or identify their age. The report lists the individuals as Staff Members A, B and C. DHS said “Staff Person A” is also an individual under 18 and “Staff Person B” still attends high school.

Staff Member A grabbed and patted a resident inappropriately on an unnamed body part and made “sexually inappropriate statements to a resident.” They would tease the resident until they became “very agitated and upset,” according to the report.

Interviews with staff also determined that Staff Members A, B and C were “making fun of residents and acting inappropriately toward them on multiple occasions,” the DHS reported. “Staff interviewers determined that these incidents were brought to the attention of Staff Person D, who failed to report them to the department, as required under this regulation.”

Staff Person A used their personal cellphone to take pictures and videos of 18 different residents at the home while working as a direct care staff person. These photos and videos were of residents in the nude and being showered/toileted. They also included a picture of a staff person pinching a resident’s nose, according to the DHS.

Staff Members A and B were “verbally abusive toward residents,” the DHS reported. “Residents were emotionally abused by Staff Person A and B through teasing and by Staff Person B by taking “a resident’s doll away, banging the doll’s head off a table and telling the resident, “You don’t think this is real, do you?”

Staff Person A also called a resident disgusting when they ate food. Staff Person A would also ignore residents when they were asked for things and would respond by saying “Bah, bah,” according to DHS.

That resident, according to Heritage, has a habit of spitting food out of their mouth when they are full or do not want to eat. This incident was not brought to the attention of management, according to Heritage.

Counseling and suspensions

According to Heritage’s response in the report, Staff Member A was counseled immediately when the resident care director learned third-hand about the patting of the resident. A discussion was held about the importance of being cautious with the way they talk and behave around residents as well as being mindful of taking jokes too far.

The three staff members have a “tendency to joke with residents to make them laugh,” according to Heritage. “A discussion was held with both staff members on (date redacted) stressing they must be cautious and there is a fine line that cannot be crossed. Behavior was addressed with both Staff Members A and B. At no time was any issue regarding Staff Member C brought to the attention of the Resident Care Director or Executive Director.”

Staff Person A was immediately suspended when the executive director was made aware of the incident with the cellphone by Buffalo Valley Regional Police Department, according to Heritage.

“An internal investigation was initiated by the executive director and supervisor, (and) business manager,” according to Heritage. “Interviews were conducted with all staff on (redacted date) and all were asked to write a statement as to any knowledge of inappropriate behavior or photos or videos being taken by any staff member. No staff member acknowledged that they were aware of behaviors or photos being taken. AAA and DHS were both notified immediately.”

Staff Persons B and C were also suspended. Staff Persons A and B will not be returning to Heritage Springs, according to Heritage.

All three staff persons denied any wrongdoing, according to Heritage.

Additional training

Additional training about residents’ rights, abuse training and mandatory reporting requirements was provided to employees. The importance of reporting alleged abuse was emphasized, according to Heritage.

One resident “is known for joking with staff and has been reminded multiple times to watch what they say and do to staff,” according to Heritage. “This resident is alert and orientated at times and has been redirected when” they make inappropriate comments to the staff.

Heritage claims that Staff Person D was never made aware of the comments that upset the resident.

“Immediately after we were notified, the executive director and business manager met with each staff member to see if any of them were aware of inappropriate behavior or photos/videos being taken and were asked to submit a written statement regarding any knowledge,” according to Heritage. “Not a single staff member acknowledged they were aware of any behaviors, photos or videos.”

Staff was also re-educated on the importance of reporting allegations to both their immediate supervisor and executive director immediately, residents’ rights, confidentiality and a revised cellphone policy. Staff each signed to acknowledge the fact they were reviewed, according to Heritage.

Under 18

A person who is 16 or 17 may not perform tasks related to medication administration, incontinence care, bathing or dressing residents without supervision, according to DHS.

“There is no direct supervisor from a qualified DCS (director care staff) person,” according to DHS.

Heritage claims that Staff Person A was “always under the direct supervision of a charge nurse or a med tech that was at least age 21. Staff Member A did partner with Staff Member B who was (redacted) years of age on occasions when performing care with residents under the knowledge of the shift supervisor.”

Policies changed

An internal decision was made to not hire those who have not graduated for any position other than dietary or activities, according to Heritage.

“Executive director will work alongside administrative assistant to ensure staff being hired as a caregiver are high school graduates or have their GED and are over the age of 18,” according to Heritage. “Executive director will audit all new employee files to ensure proper education was obtained and verified by receiving a high school diploma, GED or certificate of completion of certified nursing assistant programs.”

The cellphone policy was updated twice since the incident and all staff are now required to either keep their cellphone in their vehicles or in a locked storage cabinet near the time clock, according to Heritage.

A camera was placed in the time clock area to monitor use of cellphones and to ensure staff are following the revised policy.

The resident care director and executive director “conduct rounds to ensure cellphones are not in resident areas and policy is being enforced,” according to Heritage.

Heritage’s previous violations totaling nearly 30 included the following: Some staff members did not have up-to-date training or the required number of training hours; injuries resulting from residents falling were not reported in a timely manner; fire drill safety procedures were inadequate; numerous documents were missing key pieces of patient information; not having enough staff on specific shifts; paperwork was not properly completed; a new resident did not have a cognitive screening in a timely manner and a threat from one resident to another went unreported.

Upcoming court hearing

Cox has been charged with 17 misdemeanor counts of abuse of a care-dependent person.

The charges were filed by Buffalo Valley Regional Police Patrolman Gary V. Heckman in the Lewisburg office of District Judge Jeffrey Rowe.

Cox is scheduled for a preliminary hearing at 9 a.m. Aug. 24 in front of Rowe.

Attorney Erica C. Wilson, of Murray, Stone & Wilson, PLLC, in West Conshohocken, filed a lawsuit in Union County Court on behalf of patient Alice Longenberger and her family against the assisted living facility at 327 Farley Circle, Lewisburg, its management, building owners and two employees who were accused of abusing 17 residents. Those listed as defendants are Heritage Springs facility and corporation, administrator Tambra Speece, Business Manager Lennea Brown, employees Madison Laine Cox and a 17-year-old boy, property owner T-Ross Brothers, of Milton, and Todd and Tom Ross and Christopher Helmrich, of T-Ross.

The lawsuit alleges one count of negligence and one count of breach of fiduciary duty against the Heritage defendants; one count of negligence per se against all defendants; and one count of negligence and one count of battery against the two employees. A jury trial is demanded and judgment of at least $250,000 in damages is being sought, according to court documents.

Full Article & Source:
DHS report details elder abuse, response from Heritage Springs Memory Care in Lewisburg

Thursday, August 31, 2023

How Do I Protect My Assets When My Husband Has Dementia


How Do I Protect My Assets When My Husband Has Dementia

Dealing with a loved one’s dementia can be incredibly challenging, emotionally and financially. If your husband has been diagnosed with dementia, it becomes essential to take steps to protect your assets and ensure financial stability for both of you. Here are some strategies and frequently asked questions to guide you through this difficult process.

1. What legal documents should I have in place?

Having essential legal documents in place is crucial when it comes to protecting your assets. These include a durable power of attorney, healthcare proxy, and living will. A durable power of attorney allows you to make financial decisions on behalf of your husband, while a healthcare proxy gives you the authority to make medical decisions. A living will outlines your husband’s preferences for medical treatment if he becomes incapacitated.

2. Should I consult an attorney?

Yes, consulting with an attorney who specializes in elder law or estate planning can be immensely beneficial. They can guide you through the legal process, help you understand your rights and options, and ensure that all necessary documents are in order.

3. How can I protect our joint bank accounts?

Consider establishing separate bank accounts if you haven’t done so already. This can help protect your assets in case your husband incurs significant medical expenses or falls prey to financial exploitation. Consult with your attorney to determine the best course of action based on your specific circumstances.

4. Can I change beneficiary designations?

It is advisable to review and update beneficiary designations on life insurance policies, retirement accounts, and other assets. Ensure that the designated beneficiaries are still appropriate, as circumstances may have changed since these designations were initially made.

5. Is long-term care insurance necessary?

Long-term care insurance can help cover the cost of nursing home care or professional in-home assistance. It is worth considering, especially if your husband’s dementia is expected to progress rapidly or if you lack the financial resources to cover these expenses.

6. What about Medicaid planning?

Medicaid planning involves structuring your finances to qualify for Medicaid benefits while protecting your assets. Consulting with an attorney who specializes in Medicaid planning can help you navigate this complex process.

7. Can I transfer assets to protect them?

Transferring assets to protect them from being depleted by medical bills or nursing home costs can have legal and financial implications. It is crucial to consult with an attorney before making any asset transfers to ensure you comply with Medicaid rules and avoid potential penalties.

8. How can I prevent financial exploitation?

To protect your husband from financial exploitation, consider working with financial institutions to set up safeguards. This may include requiring joint authorization for large withdrawals or designating a trusted family member or friend as a co-signer on accounts.

9. What happens if my husband is unable to manage his finances?

If your husband reaches a point where he is no longer capable of managing his finances, you can utilize the durable power of attorney to take over these responsibilities. Consult with your attorney to ensure you have the necessary legal authority to manage his financial affairs.

10. Should I consider a living trust?

A living trust can be an effective tool for managing assets while your husband is alive and potentially avoiding probate after his passing. This trust allows you to transfer assets into it, with a designated trustee managing these assets on your husband’s behalf.

11. How can I plan for the future?

Planning for the future is essential, especially when dealing with a progressive disease like dementia. Consider discussing your options with a financial advisor who can help you create a long-term care plan, explore insurance options, and ensure your financial stability.

12. How can I take care of myself during this challenging time?

Caring for a loved one with dementia can be physically and emotionally draining. Prioritize self-care, seek support from family and friends, and consider joining a support group for caregivers. Taking care of yourself is crucial to ensure you can continue providing the best possible care for your husband.

In conclusion, protecting your assets when your husband has dementia requires careful planning, legal support, and financial expertise. Consulting with professionals who specialize in elder law, estate planning, and financial planning will help you navigate the complexities of this situation. By taking the necessary steps to protect your assets and ensure financial stability, you can ease some of the stress associated with caring for a loved one with dementia.

Full Article & Source:
How Do I Protect My Assets When My Husband Has Dementia

Defendant in exploitation case rearrested

By CJ Baker

While facing criminal allegations that she financially exploited an elderly woman, Victoria L. Hertz Ruelas was ordered to have no contact with the alleged victim. However, authorities say Hertz instead resumed living with the woman in Powell and took her on multiple trips out of state.

At a Friday hearing, a prosecutor asserted that Hertz had committed a “flagrant violation” of her prior bond conditions. Meanwhile, her defense attorney suggested it was a misunderstanding amid a complicated case that was previously dismissed.

Park County Circuit Court Judge Joey Darrah ultimately raised Hertz’s bond to $5,000 cash or surety, which was up from a signature bond. After spending roughly two days in jail, the 42-year-old made bail on Saturday and was released pending further proceedings.

The felony charge of exploitation of a vulnerable adult stems from Hertz’s time working as a CNA at an assisted living facility in Cody, where she helped care for the 88-year-old resident at the center of the case. The Park County Attorney’s Office alleges that Hertz abused her position to borrow $12,000 from the woman and ultimately have the resident move in with her.

While working night shifts at Absaroka Senior Living, the CNA reportedly spent extensive amounts of time with the woman. The woman’s son later told police that he believed Hertz had tugged at the woman’s heartstrings and crossed ethical lines to get the loans, which were indefinite.

Last spring, the woman announced her intention to move in with Hertz. Cody Police Detective Rick Tillery said the woman was set to pay Hertz $800 a month in rent while helping to cover the cost of some improvements and food.

Absaroka Senior Living fired Hertz for violating company policies and barred her from the facility in May, Tillery said. The detective and the woman’s son felt Hertz’s split-level home on Powell’s Eighth Street was ill-suited for her walker, but despite their opposition, she moved in with Hertz.

Prosecutors filed the exploitation charge in June, but Darrah dismissed it later that month. While indicating that he saw Hertz’s alleged conduct as concerning, the judge said he didn’t think it broke the law, as the elderly woman didn’t meet the definition of a vulnerable adult. In his view, the Wyoming statute only applies to adults who can’t manage their affairs as a result of a disability, and the alleged victim is fully competent.

Darrah added that he thought the Legislature probably meant to address situations like this and that dismissing the case was “not an easy decision.”

Deputy Park County Attorney Jack Hatfield quickly refiled the charge with the intent of making another attempt at clearing a preliminary hearing. At a July court appearance, Hertz was released on a $5,000 signature bond — meaning she wasn’t required to post any money — and given orders to have no contact with the elderly woman. 

During the July 7 hearing, Hertz mentioned that the woman wanted to speak to the judge, but given the no contact order, Darrah cautioned that, “I think you need to work through your attorney to get that accomplished.”

However, just 10 days later, Tillery received a report that Hertz had traveled to South Dakota. About a week later, Tillery received a third-hand report that a hairdresser believed the woman’s health was deteriorating. 

The detective and personnel from the Department of Family Services were unable to contact the woman over the next couple of weeks. Tillery ultimately pinged the woman’s phone on Aug. 9 and used the location data to find the woman living with Hertz at a multi-level rental on North Ingalls Street.

Hertz appeared to be “totally dependent on … the victim in this case, for complete and total financial support,” Tillery later reported in an affidavit, “which is precisely the core reason for this bond condition and the ability to provide additional protection of the victim in this case.”

Hatfield filed to revoke Hertz’s bond on Aug. 11, asking that she also be ordered to forfeit $5,000 to the state. Hertz was arrested Thursday and appeared in court Friday.

“Ms. Hertz is not even remotely complying with this court’s order,” Hatfield argued, expressing concern that Hertz’s home “is wholly unsuitable” for the elderly woman.

Hertz’s defense attorney, however, said “there may have been some confusion” about the bond conditions given that the initial charge was dismissed.

“I do know that this case has been somewhat complicated because [the elderly woman] has expressed the desire to have contact [with Hertz], and so I think that is sort of a complicating factor,” public defender Sarah Miles added. “But ultimately the bond condition is what it is and my client is not to have contact. And hopefully she understands that clearly at this point in time.”

A bond revocation hearing is tentatively scheduled for Thursday, with another preliminary hearing set for Sept. 29.

Full Article & Source:
Defendant in exploitation case rearrested

Family adopts elderly neighbor as honorary grandpa | Humankind

Watch this elderly widower become part of the family as his neighbors make sure he's always welcome at their house.

Family adopts elderly neighbor as honorary grandpa | Humankind

Wednesday, August 30, 2023

Upper West Side woman caught up in guardianship battle

Friends of an Upper West Side woman are making an unusual offer to try to prevent the 93-year-old from being removed from her rent controlled apartment. Sarah Wallace reports.

Upper West Side woman caught up in guardianship battle

Dementia Patient Reportedly Scammed Out of $18,000 in Jonesboro; Police Investigating Felony Exploitation

by Stan Morris

JONESBORO, Ark. — A 77-year-old man with dementia was allegedly scammed out of $18,000, according to a report filed with the Jonesboro Police Department between August 1 and August 25.

The daughter of the victim filed the report, indicating that her father had been used to withdraw money from the bank by suspects who then stole it. A 38-year-old white male and a black female of unknown age are listed as suspects in the report.

The case is currently under investigation for a potential felony charge of abuse of adults/exploits with property value more than $2,500.

The incident highlights the heightened vulnerability of elderly individuals, particularly those with cognitive impairments, to financial exploitation. The case also raises questions about what measures can be taken to better protect this demographic.

Full Article & Source:
Dementia Patient Reportedly Scammed Out of $18,000 in Jonesboro; Police Investigating Felony Exploitation

Tulsa man accused of financial exploitation and neglect of elderly family member

by Bethany Henderson

Kevin Sweathomas mugshot. (Tulsa County Jail)

TULSA, Okla. (KTUL) — The Tulsa County Sheriff's Office has booked a Tulsa man into the Tulsa County Jail on two counts of financial exploitation/neglect by a caretaker.

39-year-old Kevin Sweathomas was the caretaker of an elderly, disabled family member.

Records show that instead of using the woman’s money to pay her bills, the suspect instead spent the victim’s money on his own expenses.

Evidence shows Sweathomas owes more than $64,000 to two area nursing homes.

Officers say he is being held on $5,000 bond. 

Full Article & Source:
Tulsa man accused of financial exploitation and neglect of elderly family member

Tuesday, August 29, 2023

What it sounds like to be targeted by the grandparent scam

By Keith Zubrow

Last year Americans lost more than $10 billion to online scams and digital fraud, according to the FBI. The cons targeted every age demographic. People in their 30s filed the most complaints, but seniors were the most susceptible and last year lost $3 billion. 

This week on 60 Minutes, correspondent Sharyn Alfonsi interviewed some seniors targeted through a specific con called the grandparent scam. It's where an imposter pretends to be a grandchild in trouble, afraid to tell their parents, but in need of money.

"They said my grandson had an accident…And to get him out of jail they need $7,600," Judy Attig told 60 Minutes.

Attig and her husband Ron handed the money to a courier who was in on the scam. They said the con artists were very convincing. 

The courier retrieving money from the Judy Attig.  
  Ron and Judy Attig

When the fraudsters called back looking for more money, the Attigs had been tipped off by a bank teller that they were likely being scammed. The couple recorded a follow-up phone call where the scammers sought an additional $17,000.  

The Attig's also provided law enforcement with footage of the courier from their doorbell camera. The authorities used it to identify the female messenger and take down a larger crime ring that stole money from at least 70 seniors. 

"Search warrants then were able to take that trail from the download of her cell phones, to connect to several other perpetrators," said San Diego County District Attorney Summer Stephan. "From that, a connection of the dots happened to crimes all around…in multiple regions, bringing down really an organized syndicate that was operating across the United States."

The courier was convicted for her role in the scam and is still in prison. The ringleaders of the operation fled the country before they could be arrested. As for the Attigs, they were unable to recover the thousands stolen from them.

FBI statement:

The FBI is proud of the work accomplished through the Elder Justice Task Force and the brave victims willing to speak out. Help us protect our seniors by reporting elder fraud incidents to

You can watch Sharyn Alfonsi's full report, "Targeting Seniors," below. 

Click to Watch Video

Full Article & Source:
What it sounds like to be targeted by the grandparent scam

Court Affirmed Order Removing A Power Of Attorney Agent For Breaches Of Fiduciary Duty

In In re Guardianship of Delp, a brother sued his sister over her actions as their mother’s power of attorney agent. No. 02-22-00300-CV, 2023 Tex. App. LEXIS 3617 (Tex. App.—Fort Worth May 25, 2023, no pet. history). The daughter had been living in her mother’s home rent free. She arranged for her mother to execute a deed transferring the home to the daughter.  Shortly after that transaction, the daughter took her mother to a new attorney, and the mother signed a new statutory durable power of attorney replacing a sister with the defendant daughter as the new agent. The defendant daughter then took control of some of the mother’s bank accounts, social-security payments, and credit cards. The plaintiff brother was then appointed the mother’s guardian, and he filed suit to remove the defendant daughter as power of attorney agent. The probate court entered a judgment that because the defendant had “breached her fiduciary duty,” the court removed her “as agent in all powers of attorney for health care and all durable powers of attorney executed by” the mother.

The court of appeals discussed the duties owned by a power of attorney agent:

Dianna does not dispute that an agent under a statutory durable power of attorney owes formal fiduciary duties to her principal and can be removed for a breach of those duties. Among them are the duties to act in good faith, to avoid conflicts, and to act loyally, which prohibits a fiduciary from using her position to benefit at the principal’s expense—that is, an agent must not engage in self-dealing. Because all transactions between a fiduciary and her principal are presumptively fraudulent, the fiduciary bears the burden to establish the validity and fairness of any particular transaction in which she is involved.

Id. The court reviewed the evidence and held that there was evidence to support at least one of the findings of breach:

If even one of these findings that underlie Dianna’s claimed fiduciary-duty breach enjoys sufficient evidentiary support, the probate court could have properly removed her as Trudy’s agent under the 2020 POA. But we need not get into the evidence supporting these findings because Dianna’s appeal fails for a more fundamental reason: she has not challenged the probate court’s additional finding that “Dianna continued to reside in Trudy’s home rent free and without paying any of the expenses for the upkeep and maintenance of the home.” Unchallenged fact-findings are entitled to the same weight as a jury’s verdict and bind an appellate court unless either the contrary is established as a matter of law or no evidence supports the finding. In other words, we defer to unchallenged fact-findings that are supported by some evidence.

The evidence showed that after Trudy moved to a nursing home in June 2021, Dianna was using Trudy’s money to pay the utilities at the Cardinal Lane home. Because the Maryanna Way property was “not habitable,” Dianna was still living in Trudy’s house and testified that she intended for her mother to keep paying the utilities. The evidence also showed that in addition to the utilities, Dianna continued to use Trudy’s money to pay for lawncare and pool servicing at Cardinal Lane.

The probate court’s unchallenged finding that Dianna continued to live on Cardinal Lane “rent free and without paying any of the expenses for the upkeep and maintenance of the home” is supported by some evidence. On this basis alone the probate court could have removed Dianna as Trudy’s agent under the 2020 POA, unless Dianna established that these expenditures were fair to Trudy. We have reviewed the record and find no point at which Dianna, a fiduciary, brought forth evidence of fairness to Trudy, her principal.

Full Article & Source:
Court Affirmed Order Removing A Power Of Attorney Agent For Breaches Of Fiduciary Duty

Skilled nursing sector’s growing (or shrinking) problems get new attention

by Jessica R. Towhey

For the second day in a row, a major US newspaper Tuesday highlighted problems in the long-term care sector. 

The Wall Street Journal used a series of charts to tell the story of the declining number of nursing home beds at a time when there is a rapidly growing population of seniors. It also explored the impact of people wanting to stay in their homes, and discharge delays from hospitals to post-acute care facilities as some states see access shrink.

The newspaper’s data, from January 2017 through  July 2023, showed what is largely well-known to stakeholders in the skilled nursing sector. But the starkness of the presentation, one made to such a business-focused mainstream audience, was bold and likely influential to the general public.

One of the Journal’s charts, citing federal data, highlights that more than 4,000 nursing home beds lost in each of four states – Kansas, Massachusetts, Ohio, and Wisconsin – from January 2017 to July 2023.

“The shrinkage was decades in the making,” the Journal article explained. “Most older people would prefer to stay in their homes and more Medicaid spending on long-term care has gone to home- and community-based services rather than institutions such as nursing homes since 2013. Those forces contributed to a net loss in nursing-home beds that has hit almost every state.”

In Ohio, the heads of the Ohio Health Care Association and LeadingAge Ohio both lamented the loss of beds there, and mentioned the longer-term trends of drops in facility occupancy and closing entire buildings without suitable replacements being available, especially in rural areas. 

“Even preceding the COVID pandemic, nursing home occupancy had been depressed nationwide,” LeadingAge Ohio President/CEO Susan V. Wallace noted to McKnight’s on Tuesday. “Of course, the policy decisions during COVID—including mandatory closures, limited visitation, distancing and masking protocols – caused the public to choose other care settings for rehabilitation and long-term care.”

Are beds right-sized or not?

The phrase “right-size” has become common in the sector for facilities that convert spaces to assisted living or other uses, or relinquish their bed licenses. Others, Wallace reminded, “are simply closing.”

In 1992, Ohio had 91,500 nursing home beds in service with a facility occupancy rate of 92%, per information shared by Wallace. In 2001, the number of beds was up to 94,200, but the occupancy rate had dropped to 83%. By 2019, the number of beds in service was down to just below 89,000, and with an occupancy rate of 80%.

Peter Van Runkle, executive director of the Ohio Health Care Association, said the average occupancy rate in the state is now below 80%.

He noted, however, that the bigger impact for aging seniors is the loss of facilities with what he called “special characteristics.” Two long-standing SNFs in Lima, a small city between Dayton and Toledo, recently closed along with two county-run homes in Greene and Butler counties, both located in the southwest part of the state. A historic, Black-operated nursing center in Cleveland has also closed. 

“We are concerned that if the trend of losing whole buildings without a replacement continues, access problems could result, especially in rural and inner-city areas,” Van Runkle said. “From a resident standpoint, any closure — even when a replacement facility is involved — can be difficult because people are forced to move from their home.”

Another major trend discussed in the Wall Street Journal article is the growing difficulty finding beds for patient transfers from hospitals to post-acute care facilities. The report noted that, in Massachusetts, 563 patients per month, on average, are stuck in hospitals due to a lack of available beds. The longest waits there have been six months or more, but most patients remain in the hospital for at least a month, the Journal noted. 

“Massachusetts, like all states across the country, have had a decline in nursing home beds,” Tara Gregorio, president of the Massachusetts Senior Care Association, affirmed to McKnight’s on Tuesday. “This is not a new phenomenon …. Twenty-five facilities have closed in Massachusetts since the start of the pandemic.”

Gregorio added that more than half of LTC facilities there have had to deny admissions over the last year. She pointed to staffing shortages and inadequate Medicaid funding as the primary reasons. 

“Medicaid funding still does not cover the true costs of resident care,” she said. “For the safety and wellbeing of our residents and their caregivers, we urgently need a federal response to require all states to adopt basic, but essential reimbursement policies that fully recognize the current cost of quality resident care and vital investments in our deserving workforce.”

Full Article & Source:
Skilled nursing sector’s growing (or shrinking) problems get new attention

Monday, August 28, 2023

Michael Oher’s shocking conservatorship exposes court failures

by Nina A. Kohn, opinion contributor

Baltimore Ravens offensive tackle Michael Oher sits on the bench during the first half of an NFL football game against the Buffalo Bills in Baltimore, Sunday, Oct. 24, 2010. Michael Oher, the former NFL tackle known for the movie “The Blind Side,” filed a petition Monday in a Tennessee probate court accusing Sean and Leigh Anne Tuohy of lying to him by having him sign papers making them his conservators rather than his adoptive parents nearly two decades ago.(AP Photo/Nick Wass, File)

In recent years, the national media have been awash in stories of unscrupulous guardians and conservators. Most prominently, headlines screamed about Britney Spears’ father — enemy number one of the #FreeBritney movement — who was accused of profiteering off his daughter.

Last week, NFL player Michael Oher became the focus of the nation’s newest high-profile conservatorship case. Oher, the subject of the blockbuster movie “The Blind Side,” filed a court petition alleging that he had been duped into “agreeing” to a conservatorship, and asking for it to be terminated and his conservators sanctioned.

Unlike Spears, he did not allege that his conservators absconded with his earnings or prevented him from making personal decisions. And within days of the lawsuit being filed, the conservators announced they were “glad” to terminate the arrangement (although that actually can be done only by the court that appointed them to make decisions for Oher).

Oher’s story is unfortunate, but it could have a silver lining. With past high-profile stories, the focus on “bad” people (Spears’ father, a Nevada guardian turned abuser, a scam artist obtaining guardianship over elderly marks) masked a much bigger problem: probate courts run amok. 

Oher’s case, in contrast, lays the core problem bare: courts unnecessarily strip people of their rights and then fail to monitor the risky arrangements they create.

Oher was put under conservatorship in Tennessee. Tennessee law prohibits a judge from imposing a conservatorship unless the judge finds clear and convincing evidence that the person is disabled and needs that assistance. Yet a Tennessee judge imposed a conservatorship on Oher despite explicitly finding that he did not have any disability. Likewise, the judge never found that conservatorship was needed, and there is no evidence the judge considered whether Oher’s alleged “needs” could be met in a less restrictive way.

The sheer wrongness of the court’s order is shocking. But it is an open secret that courts appoint conservators (called guardians in some states) without fully considering the alternatives, or evaluating the person’s needs and abilities. Likewise, courts routinely grant conservators broad powers when more limited ones would be sufficient to meet the needs of the situation.

The Oher case also reveals another core problem: inadequate representation for those alleged to need a conservator. Although conservatorship can strip people of the right to make even the most basic, intimate decisions about their own lives, many states — including Tennessee — do not ensure that they have an attorney to represent their wishes.

Worse yet, Oher alleges that a single attorney purported to represent both him and those petitioning for conservatorship over him. That’s akin to an attorney representing the plaintiff and defendant in the same lawsuit.

In addition, the Oher saga reflects courts’ failure to supervise their appointees. Oher alleged that in the 19 years during which he had been under conservatorship, his conservators did not file a single accounting of his funds even though Tennessee law requires this annually. That a court would allow no accounting to be filed for 19 years, with potentially millions of dollars at stake, is appalling if true. Moreover, as Oher’s apparent continued confusion about his conservatorship suggests, courts often fail to adequately explain to people subject to conservatorship what that arrangement means and what their rights are under it.

In short, the Oher case shows that we must fix court systems, not merely punish bad actors. 

Fixing court systems will require ensuring that all judges who appoint conservators have the training needed to understand when an appointment is legally appropriate, and how to determine if that standard is met in a particular case. It will also require ensuring that courts have the systems they need to track cases and monitor those they appoint. 

Congress could help. Conservatorship is governed by state law, but Congress could jumpstart court improvement by appropriating funds for state court systems to adopt needed reforms.  

For example, they could make funding for court improvement available to states that adopt the Uniform Act designed to prevent these types of court failures. Likewise, Congress could — much as state court leaders have urged — appropriate funds specifically for judicial training or case management. And recognizing that the federal Constitution is violated when states strip people of constitutional rights without due process, Congress could create new avenues of redress for people whose rights are unlawfully removed.

Voters can help too. Many of the judges who appoint conservators are elected. Voters and the media should ask judicial candidates running for probate court positions key questions.

How much time will they spend considering a petition for conservatorship? Do they believe the court should obtain an independent evaluation of a person’s needs and abilities before imposing a conservatorship? Will they remove people’s rights without hearing from them first? Many do. 

That could change if voters become savvy to the problems with conservatorship and select judges who will only impose it when there are no other feasible options for meeting individuals’ needs. 

“The Blind Side” inspired many with its powerful story of hope and redemption. Oher’s conservatorship saga could have greater power. By exposing profound court failures, it could inspire the changes to the court system that are needed to ensure that Americans won’t have to worry that, like Oher, they may be swept up in an unnecessary conservatorship.

Full Article & Source:
Michael Oher’s shocking conservatorship exposes court failures

See Also:
"The Blind Side" lawsuit: Former NFL star Michael Oher sues

 Conservatorship Gone Wrong: Why Does it Seem to Happen So Often and How Can I Prevent It?

 What is a conservatorship? The legal arrangement at the center of Michael Oher's case.

 Devastated Tuohys ready to end conservatorship for Michael Oher, lawyers say

Britney Spears Is Reportedly Considering a Reconciliation With Her Dad

The news comes less than two years after the end of her conservatorship.

By Marie Claire

In November 2021, after a 13-year-long conservatorship, a contentious court battle, and a massive public outcry, Britney Spears was finally free from the rigid conservatorship through which her father, Jamie Spears, controlled nearly every aspect of her life, health, and finances. 

Since then, Britney has been outspoken about how the conservatorship was "demoralizing and degrading." She's said that the legal framework under which she was bound prevented her from having a cell phone, conceiving more children, and working on her own terms. During the court hearings that saw Britney plead to end her father's conservatorship, she told the judge, "I want my life back." 

Anyone paying attention to the story at the time—and it was a major story—might have understandably assumed that once Britney was out from under her father's conservatorship, their relationship would be irreconcilable. She even said that she believed her father should be charged with "conservatorship abuse" in the aftermath of the legal battle. 

But sources talking to TMZ have reported that Britney is considering extending an olive branch to her father. If this sounds shocking, the timing does make a little bit of sense: Not only has Britney recently announced her divorce from husband of one year Sam Asghari, but apparently Jamie Spears himself has not been in the best health. According to the sources, Jamie has been in and out of the hospital dealing with an infection from an older knee surgery. The sources speculate that because Jamie is going under the knife again soon, and with Britney going through a tough emotional time herself, she's considering a reconciliation. 

Per TMZ's source, "She knows Jamie has been ill — in and out of the hospital for months — and doesn't want the regret of waiting too long." 

As for Jamie, the publication says he has long been vocal that, despite their fractured relationship, he would love a reconciliation. 

This would be a huge departure from what Britney's said in the past if it ends up coming true. But as Jack Donaghy, Alec Baldwin's character from 30 Rock, once said: "Lemon, life is about minimizing regrets."

Full Article & Source:
Britney Spears Is Reportedly Considering a Reconciliation With Her Dad

See Also:
Britney Spears

Sunday, August 27, 2023

Tom Girardi Accused of “Exaggerating” Dementia and Ordered to Court as Prosecutors Use Video to Prove Claims of “Purposeful Manipulation” to Avoid Consequences for Crimes Against Clients

by Lindsay Cronin

Prosecutors believe Thomas Girardi is “exaggerating” symptoms of dementia and using “purposeful manipulation” to avoid going to trial and facing charges related to the reported $18 million he embezzled from clients from 2010 to 2020.

In new court documents filed against the disbarred attorney, 84, who is in the midst of a divorce from Real Housewives of Beverly Hills star Erika Jayne, 52, prosecutors claim videos prove Thomas is being dishonest about his medical state as they demand he show up to court to stand trial.

“Less than one month after the bankruptcy proceedings were initiated, and criminal and State Bar referrals were made by federal and state judges, defendant’s brother filed a petition in Los Angeles Superior Court to have a conservator appointed, alleging that defendant could no longer care for himself or his estate. Without the benefit of any adversarial testing, the petition was subsequently granted mere months later,” prosecutors explained in documents obtained by Radar Online on August 21.

As RHOBH fans will recall, Thomas and his law firm, Girardi Keese, were forced into bankruptcy in late 2020, and shortly thereafter, in early 2021, his brother, Robert Girardi, was appointed as his conservator due to Thomas’ alleged dementia and Alzheimer’s. But as prosecutors claim, Thomas’ diagnoses may not be legitimate.

“Now, after being criminally indicted for his [years-long] scheme, defendant attempts to avoid being held to account for his conduct by petitioning this Court to find him incompetent to stand trial,” they note. “However, despite defendant’s asserted incompetence, evidence of his normal routine immediately leading up to the demise of GK –- years after defendant claims his purported mental competency issues began –- demonstrates that his instant ‘symptoms’ are exaggerated – an artfully constructed self-serving portrait of a figure purportedly so diminished as to be beyond the legal system’s reach.”

According to the prosecutors’ court documents, Thomas, who currently resides in a senior living facility, seemed to be just fine, from a mental standpoint, in the months leading up to his conservatorship.

“He went to his law firm nearly every day and worked on multiple cases, negotiated loans to keep [Girardi Keese] afloat, sat for multiple depositions and interviews, and even moderated a panel discussion with other attorneys,” they stated. “Only after defendant’s creditors started closing in when an escape hatch was needed most, was the issue of [Girardi’s] mental competency first raised.”

“His purposeful manipulation of these proceedings to avoid the consequences of a trial in this matter directly demonstrate how cunning and capable he truly is,” prosecutors added.

An August 23 report from Radar Online also discussed the case, signaling to the many lawsuits filed against Thomas months prior to his diagnosis.

“As the pressure mounted from these multiple civil lawsuits, GK was forced into involuntary bankruptcy by mid-December 2020. Facing an avalanche of civil liability and potential criminal exposure, defendant’s response shifted from the facts of his alleged wrongdoing to his purported diminished mental state,” prosecutors wrote in court documents.

In addition to Thomas’s longtime secretary testifying that she never questioned his mental state, prosecutors have obtained video of Girardi in 2019 and 2020, which includes Thomas “regaling his ex-wife and her friends with stories of his trials and his encounters with celebrities” in late 2019 and discussing his career.

Prosecutors also have a voicemail from Thomas in which he discussed “negligence” and asked if he was at fault.

“These voicemails make clear that defendant’s short-term memory, and his general appreciation of outstanding legal matters, are intact,” the documents read.

Although Erika has insisted that she was unaware of Thomas’ crimes, his bankruptcy trustee sued her for $25 million in 2022.

Full Article & Source:
Tom Girardi Accused of “Exaggerating” Dementia and Ordered to Court as Prosecutors Use Video to Prove Claims of “Purposeful Manipulation” to Avoid Consequences for Crimes Against Clients

See Also:
Tom Girardi